Persons who are using drugs that suppress the immune system (., corticosteroids) are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chickenpox and measles , for example, can have a more serious or even fatal course in susceptible children or adults using corticosteroids. In children or adults who have not had these diseases or been properly immunized, particular care should be taken to avoid exposure. How the dose, route, and duration of corticosteroid administration affect the risk of developing a disseminated infection is not known. The contribution of the underlying disease and/or prior corticosteroid treatment to the risk is also not known. If a patient is exposed to chickenpox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) may be indicated. If a patient is exposed to measles, prophylaxis with pooled intramuscular immunoglobulin ( IG ) may be indicated (see the respective package inserts for complete VZIG and IG prescribing information). If chickenpox or measles develops, treatment with antiviral agents may be considered.
Mortuaire, G., de Gabory, L., François, M., Massé, G., Bloch, F., Brion, N., ... Serrano, E. Rebound congestion and rhinitis medicamentosa: Nasal decongestants in clinical practice. (2013, June 1). Critical review of the literature by a medical panel. European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases , 130(3), 137-144. Retrieved from https:///#!/content/playContent/1--S1879729612001378?returnurl=http:%2F%%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS1879729612001378%3Fshowall%3Dtrue&referrer=https:%2F%2F .
In rabbits, fetal weight reduction and cleft palate were observed at a fluticasone propionate dose approximately times the MRHDID for adults (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal subcutaneous dose of 4 mcg/kg/day). However, no teratogenic effects were reported at fluticasone propionate doses up to approximately 20 times the MRHDID for adults (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal oral dose up to 300 mcg/kg/day). No fluticasone propionate was detected in the plasma in this study, consistent with the established low bioavailability following oral administration [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ].